Small Animal

Dog vaccinations

Routine Vaccinations

We recommend that all dogs are vaccinated regularly to maintain immunity against distemper, parvovirus, infectious hepatitis, parainfluenza, leptospirosis and coronavirus.

Primary Vaccination Course

The primary vaccination course consists of two injections given at an interval of 2-4 weeks.

  • The first injection may be given from 6 weeks of age, although many people wait until 7 or 8 weeks as this does not alter when they first go out and allows them to get a bit stronger first.
  • The second injection may be given from 10 weeks of age, at least 2 weeks (and not more than 4 weeks) after the first.

We do not recommend puppies go out or mix with other dogs (except those you know are vaccinated) until 1 week after their second vaccination.

Annual Boosters

We recommend all dogs have an annual vaccination booster and check-up. The first year this will be a full booster of all the diseases. Following this, full boosters are only required every three years. However, Leptospirosis, Parainfluenza and Coronovirus require annual vaccination to maintain immunity.

The annual vaccination is also a good opportunity to check on the health of your dog and discuss any concerns you may have.

Other Vaccinations

Kennel Cough

We do not routinely recommend kennel cough vaccination. However, dogs that regularly mix with lots of other dogs, for example at dog clubs, dog shows, boarding kennels and shoots, may benefit from protection. Boarding kennels may insist dogs are given kennel cough vaccination to stay with them.

This is not an injection, but is given as drops up the nose. A single dose is enough to give immunity. Immunity starts from 5 days after vaccination and lasts for 1 year.


Rabies is not endemic to the UK and routine vaccination is not required. However, all animals that travel outside of the UK and wish to enter or re-enter the UK must have a rabies vaccination to avoid 6 months of quarantine. There are other requirements - see the Pets Passport page for details.

Rabies vaccination is a single injection given from 3 months of age. Booster vaccinations are required every 3 years.

Herpes Virus

This is given to protect bitches during pregnancy from the affects of this virus on the litter. The first injection is given either during the season or 7-10 days after the presumed date of mating. A second injection is given 1 to 2 weeks before the expected date of whelping. This protocol should be used for each pregnancy if your bitch is at risk.